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Supply in Economics Concept & Factors Video & Lesson Transcript

July 1, 2020

7 factors that affect supply

For example, the demand for goods such as food, shelter, clothes, vehicles, etc ., is autonomous because it arises due to biological, physical, and other personal needs of consumers. The demand for a commodity that is related to the demand of other commodities is known as derived demand. For example, the demand for petrol, diesel, and other lubricants is related to the demand of vehicles. This types of demand if highly impactable on the market demand. One of the vital factors affecting price elasticity of demand is the proportion of a consumer’s income that is spent on an item.

What are the 5 factors of supply?

  • a. Price. Price can be understood as what the consumer is willing to pay to receive a good or service.
  • b. Cost of production.
  • c. Technology.
  • d. Governments' policies.
  • e. Transportation condition.

Every such development gives rise to a rightward shift in the market supply curve. But how do we know technological change will reduce the cost of producing goods and services? What if the new equipment is so expensive that producers who use it will have higher costs than those who rely on earlier designs? If so, then rational producers simply would not use the new equipment. The only technological changes that rational producers will adopt are those that will reduce their cost of production.

What Is a Supply Curve?

When the price of silver rises, many will stop looking for gold and start looking for silver. Mining silver at the current price is now more profitable than gold. Consider a season where the weather was perfect for grape production and resulted in a record-breaking crop. Rather than just a movement along the supply curve as price changes, the entire shape of the supply curve changes from S to S-prime. Because there are more grapes, winemakers can produce more wine and might even be convinced to make it cheaper so that they can sell more.

While soil is extremely important in determining what farmers raise, other physical features of the land are important too. Areas that are too rocky, rough, or hilly to grow crops, can be well suited for grazing cattle and sheep. Existence of internal peace and stability will increase the production and supply of a good. With political disturbances, labor unrest and wars production and supply of a good will be hampered. There is direct and positive relationship between the price of the commodity and its supply.

Price Variation

Hence, companies tend to remain competitive by adjusting their prices after studying their competitors. Demand responds to price 7 factors that affect supply changes depending on the product’s degree of necessity. Hence, this is one the vital determinants of price elasticity of demand.

We are only too familiar with the shortage-of commodities caused by the war and the dislocation of production by famine. So what if in the spring, temperatures were well below average, with some nights dropping below freezing? It would severely reduce the grape crop for that harvest season. This is shown by an inward shift of the supply curve, represented by S-double-prime on the chart. The new supply curve is shifted outward from S to S-double-prime. For analysis of demand, both total markets, as well as market segment types of demand, is necessary.

What is the most important determinant of supply?

The law of supply is the relationship between the quantity supplied and the factors which affect it. The most important determinants of supply are technology, the number of suppliers, expectation of suppliers, feedback from consumers, freeze in tax etc. If labour productivity increases, firms will demand more labour at each wage rate and the firm’s demand for labour itself will increase. One of the principal factors that affect supply is the price of products in the market.

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This can only happen if the hired marginal workers contribute more in value than the costs incurred by the firm. If a firm’s profitability increases, it will be able to hire more workers. Conversely, a firm that is making no profit and is consistently registering losses will need to layoff workers as it will not be able to pay them anymore.

Determinants of Supply Analysis

Whereas technological change generally (although not always) leads to gradual shifts in supply, changes in the prices of important inputs can give rise to large supply shifts literally overnight. Whether you run a seasonal business, own a vacation property for passive income, or operate a more standard business entity, basic economics like supply and demand should matter to you. Here are seven reasons in particular that should drive your thinking as you plot out your business’s future. If rainfall is plentiful, timely, and well distributed, there will be bumper crops. On the contrary, floods, droughts, or earthquakes and other natural calamities are bound, to affect production adversely. This is one set of conditions which brings about a change in the supply.

If you’re looking to expand to new areas or retailers, you’ll need to know what to expect. Carbon Collective partners with financial and climate experts to ensure the accuracy of our content. If you’re using the wrong credit or debit card, it could be costing you serious money.


High and low temperatures and precipitation determine what crops farmers plant, but there are other environmental and economic factors that determine what crops and livestock are grown where. Let’s take closer a look at each of the variables that determine where food and fiber are produced. Price fluctuations are a strong factor affecting supply and demand.

7 factors that affect supply

What are the 6 factors that affect demand?

  • Price of the Product.
  • The Consumer's Income.
  • The Price of Related Goods.
  • The Tastes and Preferences of Consumers.
  • The Consumer's Expectations.
  • The Number of Consumers in the Market.